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Coal India Limited


Coal India Limited (CIL) the state-owned coal mining corporate came into being in November 1975. With a modest production of 79 Million Tonnes (MTs) at the year of its inception CIL, today is the single largest coal producer in the world and one of the largest corporate employer with manpower of 2,59,016 (as of 1st April 2021). CIL functions through its subsidiaries in 85 mining areas spread over eight (8) states of India. Coal India Limited has 345 mines (as on 1st April, 2021) of which 151 are underground, 172 open cast and 22 mixed mines. CIL is presently operating 13 coal washeries, with a total washing capacity of 35.38 MTY (Out of these, 11 are coking coal washeries and balance 2 are non-coking) and also manages other establishments like workshops, hospitals, and so on. CIL has 20 training Institutes and 86 Vocational Training Centres. Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM) as a state-of-the-art Management Training ‘Centre of Excellence’ – the largest Corporate Training Institute in India - operates under CIL and conducts multi-disciplinary programmes.

CIL is a Maharatna company - a privileged status conferred by the Government of India to select state-owned enterprises in order to empower them to expand their operations and emerge as global giants. The select club has only ten members out of more than three hundred Central Public Sector Enterprises in the country.

CIL has seven producing subsidiaries namely Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL), Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL), Central Coalfields Limited (CCL), Western Coalfields Limited (WCL), South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL), Northern Coalfields Limited (NCL), and Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL) and One mine planning and consultancy company that is Central Mine Planning & Design Institute (CMPDI). In addition, CIL has a foreign subsidiary in Mozambique namely Coal India Africana Limitada (CIAL). The mines in Assam i.e. North Eastern Coalfields are managed directly by CIL.

CIL has incorporated two new subsidiaries i.e. CIL Navi Karniya Urja Limited for the development of non-conventional/clean & renewable energy and CIL Solar PV Limited for development of the solar photovoltaic module.

  • Mahanadi Coalfields Limited has four (4) subsidiaries which are i) MJSJ Coal Limited ii) MNH Shakti Ltd, iii) Mahanadi Basin Power Ltd iv) Neelanchal Power Transmission Company Private Ltd
  • SECL has two subsidiaries i) M/s Chhattisgarh East Railway Ltd (CERL) ii)M/s Chhattisgarh East-West Railway Ltd (CEWRL)
  • CCL has one subsidiary – Jharkhand Central Railway Ltd

Unmatched Strategic Relevance:

Produces around 83% of India’s overall coal production in India where approximately 57% of primary commercial energy is coal-dependent, CIL alone meets to the tune of 40% of primary commercial energy requirement. The share of coal is expected to remain high at 48-54% till 2040 and accounts for 76% of the total thermal power generating capacity of the Utility sector. Supplies coal at prices discounted to international prices and insulates Indian coal consumers against price volatility. Makes the end-user industry globally competitive and plays a key role in “Make in India” and making India incorporate globally competitive.

Production and Growth:

During 2020-21, CIL produced 596.22 Million Tonnes of coal under challenging and adverse conditions achieving 90% of its target. NCL achieved 102% of targeted production with a growth of. 6.5% compared to the last year same period. SECL maintained its glory of producing more than 150 MT for the third consecutive year and MCL achieved a production of 148.01 MT with a growth of 5.5% compared to the last year same period. Raw coal off-take for the Financial Year ending 31st March 2021 was 574.481 MT and Over Burden Removal (OBR) was 1344.68 M Cum. Despatch of coal and coal products during 2020-21 was at 573.60Mts and despatch to power utilities (including special forward e-Auction) was 444.97 MTs.


There are 122 ongoing Mining projects having an annual capacity of 890.41 MT which have contributed 417.07MT in the year 2020-21. As per 1 BT Plan, forty-nine (49) future projects have been identified for approval with incremental capacity of 289.4 MTY to augment coal production of CIL to 1 billion tonnes by FY 2023-24.

Clean Coal Technology:

In pursuance of initiatives towards the development of Clean Coal Technology and alternate use of coal, CIL is exploring the possibilities to venture into the Coal-to-Chemicals sector on a stand-alone basis by setting up a Coal-to-Methanol plant at Dankuni Coal Complex (DCC). Coal sourced from Raniganj coalfields shall be gasified to produce syngas which shall be subsequently converted into methanol.

Consumer Satisfaction:

Consumer satisfaction is a priority area for CIL and for enhanced consumer satisfaction, special emphasis has been given to Quality Management of Coal from mine to dispatch point. All consumers of CIL have the option for quality assessment through independent third-party sampling agencies. A portal ‘UTTAM’ has been launched by CIL so that information on coal quality will be accessible to both coal companies and consumers.

Touching Peoples’ lives at the grass root level:

Unlike other parts of the world, coal reserves in India mostly under the forest land or in tribal inhabited areas. Inevitably coal mining displaces people. But, CIL has a well-structured Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy for Project Affected People. The company Pursues ‘Mining with a human face’ through a socially sustainable inclusive model of growth by making Project Affected People stakeholders in the decision making process for their livelihood.

Care for Environment/ Environmental Management:

CIL continuously reiterates its obligation to encourage synchronization of our operations with environment and pursue integrated coal mining. Extensive tree plantation programmes are undertaken every year by Coal India on OB dumps, along haul roads, around mines, residential colonies, and other available lands. About 100 million trees covering an area of over about 40,000 hectares have been planted till March 2021. During 2020-21, 1.98 million trees have been planted covering an area of 861.81 Ha of land. In FY2021-22, CIL targets to plant native/local species in around 1310 Ha. Of land. CIL has also entered into MoUs’ with prominent Indian Scientific Institutions like ICFRE and NEERI for scientific studies and also assist in the development of Eco-restoration sites and three-tier plantations with native species

CIL HQ has obtained certification against ISO 9001, 14001, and 50001 (Quality Management, Environment Management and Energy Management System) from the Bureau of India Standards (BIS). As of 31st May 2021, four of our Subsidiaries, ECL, CCL, NCL and WCL are certified for Integrated Management System (ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2015 and OHSAS 18001:2017). CMPDI HQ and its seven RIs are certified for ISO 9001:2015. In addition, CMPDI HQ, Ranchi has been certified in ISO 37001:2016.

Conservation of Energy:

Conservation of Energy is a priority area for CIL and various measures are taken towards reduction in specific energy consumption. High wattage luminaries /conventional light fittings have been replaced with low power consuming LEDs of appropriate wattage in majority of the places for quarry lighting, UG mine lighting, street lighting, office and other work places, townships etc., thereby resulting in huge saving potential in electricity consumption. In 2020-21, 98,522 LED lights (ECL-5752, MCL-18378, WCL-9490, NCL-32207, BCCL-5000, SECL-18521, CCL-6000, CMPDIL-790 & CIL HQ - 2384 nos.) of different wattage rating have been installed with energy cost saving of approximately Rs. 8 crores.

Various steps have been taken for utilizing solar power as an alternative source of energy such as in kilo-watt scale rooftop solar plants are in successful operation. The Installed Solar Capacity before 2020-21 : Ground mounted – 2000 KW(MCL) & Roof Top Solar- 2862.3 KW (inclusive of all subsidiaries & CIL HQ)

The Solar Capacity addition in 2020-21 : 350 KW Roof Top solar in BCCL and a 100 KW Roof Top Solar in CMPDI RI-I , Nagpur were commissioned in March 2021.

CIL has signed an MoU with M/s EESL (Energy Efficiency Services Limited) for building energy efficiency programs, hiring of e-vehicle & installation of distributed solar projects

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP):

CIL is on the path of design and implementation of a strong state-of-the-art Enterprise Resource Planning and Hospital Management system in CIL and its subsidiaries. The effort is aimed to assimilate all aspects of business operations into a single easy-to-use system that shall effectively plan, manage and optimize all the organisational resources through standardization of business processes and best practices. The Phase-I of ‘Project Passion’ was inaugurated by Shri Pralhad Joshi, Honourable Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, Coal & Mines on 21.01.2021 at New Delhi. The implementation of SAP ERP in Phase II Subsidiaries of CIL (ECL, BCCL, CCL, CMPDI, SECL, and NCL) with crashed timeline of 27.5 months against 42 months as envisaged in DPR with preponement by approx. 14 months is being carried out.

System Improvement in Project Monitoring:

CIL had developed WEB Based Online Monitoring System for monitoring implementation of coal projects. The portal has all important information related to salient features, Land, R&R, EC, Production, financial information, Milestones etc. which is updated regularly. The progress of projects is reviewed based on the information uploaded on the portal.

Safety Policy of CIL

Safety is accorded prime importance in the operations of CIL as exemplified in the mission statement of CIL. CIL has a well-defined Safety Policy for ensuring safety in mines.

First Mile Connectivity:

Coal India Limited will switch over to mechanized coal transportation through piped conveyor belts in its large mines by 2023-24 replacing the existing road transport of coal. The company has already started the process for the same. Thirty-five (35) FMC projects each having a production capacity of 415 Million Tonnes per annum and above are under implementation in the first phase. This is in addition to the nineteen mechanised coal evacuation system in operation with a combined capacity of 151 million tonnes. This move promotes environmental safety and prevents possible coal pilferage. It will also lead to mechanized loading of coal which will have benefits like crushing, sizing of coal, quicker and quality pre-weighed coal loading.

Foray into Renewable Energy:

CIL Navikarniya Urja Limited has been formed to venture into the area of Renewable Energy (Non-Conventional) segment. This includes Solar, Wind, Small Hydro, Biomass, Geo-Thermal, Hydrogen, Tidal, etc. CIL has won its’ maiden commercial Solar Project outside it’s command areas by winning 100 MW Solar Power Project through Competitive Bidding conducted by Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Limited (GUVNL).

Another subsidiary, CIL Solar PV Limited has been formed to undertake new business of entire Solar PV manufacturing value chain.


CIL is undertaking job of complete digitization of seven of its biggest mines for enhancement of coal production through IT initiatives.

CIL has launched web/mobile Apps like

  • Bill-to-bill reconciliation portal for coal consumers which will give total transparency in Billing and realization.
  • FOIS portal where data from FOIS System of CRIS is being fed to Coal Companies online.
  • “Khanan Prahari” to check illegal coal mining,
  • “CLIP” Contract Labour Information portal has been launched by CIL to keep an eye on fair wage payment to Contractor workers deployed at various locations.
  • “MDMS” (Mine Data Management System) portal has been designed and launched by Project Monitoring Division of CIL and CMPDI, Ranchi to store all the salient features of PR and data of ongoing projects and their performance against PR provision.
  • CIL Executive defined contributory Pension Scheme 2007 of all CIL executives is managed through an on-line Web Application.

CIL in the forefront in the Nation’s fight against COVID

The following COVID -19 related CSR projects were undertaken by CIL during FY 20-21:-

Infrastructure Creation :
S. No. Company Details of infrastructure created Location
1 MCL 525 bedded COVID hospital (500 general & 25 ICU beds). Bed addition is planned. Bhubaneswar, Odisha
2 MCL 150 bedded COVID hospital (144 general & 6 ICU beds) and 50 bedded COVID care centre Lakhanpur, Odisha
3 MCL 6 quarantine centers at HQ and different areas of MCL Odisha
4 BCCL Hospitals earmarked as dedicated COVID hospitals: • Central Hospital, Dhanbad (L – 3 with 30 new ICU beds) • Regional Hospital, Bhuli (L – 2) • Regional Hospitals at Baghmara and Jealgora (L – 1) Dhanbad, Jharkhand
5 SECL Govt. hospitals converted into 100 bedded COVID treatments centre with RT-PCR lab Ambikapur and Bilaspur, Chattisgarh
6 CIL 100 beds of Karnataka Inst. Of Medical Sciences (KIMS) converted into ICU beds Dharwad, Karnataka
Equipment support for COVID-19 treatment :
S. No. Company Details of equipment support provided Location
1 CIL COVID Cold Chain Equipment for Vaccine transport   • West Bengal: 73 Ice Lined Refrigerators (Small), 70 Deep Freezers (Small) & 24 Deep Freezers (Large) •       Meghalaya: 7 Ice Lined Refrigerators (Small), 3 Deep Freezers (Small) & 10 Deep Freezers (Large) •       2 refrigerated trucks (1 each for West Bengal and GMSD, Kolkata) – Procurement is in progress West Bengal, Meghalaya and GMSD, Kolkata
2 SECL COVID Cold Chain Equipment for Vaccine transport • 25 Ice Lined Refrigerators (Small) • 6 Ice Lined Refrigerators (Large) • 13 Deep Freezers (Small) • 1 Deep Freezer (Large) • 1 Walk In Freezer Chattisgarh
3 SECL 60 TRUE-NAT RT-PCR Testing machines Chattisgarh
4 NCL 50 Ambulances Uttar Pradesh

Contribution to COVID-19 related funds

  • Rs. 221.03 cr. to PM-CARES fund by CIL (Rs. 100 cr. from CSR) in FY 19-20
  • Rs. 20 cr. to Disaster Management Authority, West Bengal by CIL
  • Rs. 20 cr. to Disaster Management Authority, Maharashtra by CIL
  • Rs. 10 cr. to Disaster Management Authority, Chattisgarh by SECL
  • Rs. 20 cr. to Disaster Management Authority, Jharkhand by CCL
  • Rs. 20 cr. to Madhya Pradesh CM Relief Fund by NCL
  • Rs. 1.25 cr. in total to 3 districts in Maharashtra and 2 in Madhya Pradesh by WCL

Distribution of COVID-19 related consumables

  • More than 71,000 food packets on Shramik Special Trains
  • Around 2.3 lakh cooked food/dry ration packets in peripheral areas
  • More than 80,000 lt. of sanitizer in peripheral areas
  • More than 17.56 lakh masks in peripheral areas
  • More than 1.35 lakh hand gloves and 29500 PPEs in peripheral areas

Future Outlook:

CIL is committed to playing a major role in achieving the Nation’s energy security. Based on the demand projection in ‘Vision 2024’ for the coal sector in the country and subsequent demand projection on CIL, a roadmap has been prepared wherein CIL has envisioned 1 Billion Tonne (Bt) production in the year 2023-24 to meet the coal demand of the country. To achieve this target, CIL has identified major projects and assessed other related issues.

For more details, please visit to official website: www.coalindia.in